A genus of coniferous trees in the plant family Pinaceae. They are native to the mountains of the western Himalayas and the Mediterranean region, occurring at altitudes of 1,500 – 3,200m in the Himalayas and 1,000 – 2,200m in the Mediterranean region.
Cedrus trees can grow up to 30 – 40 m tall with spicy-resinous scented wood, thick ridged or square-cracked bark, and broad, level branches. The shoots are dimorphic, with long shoots, which form the framework of the branches, and short shoots with most of the leaves/needles. The leaves are evergreen and needle-like, 8 - 60 mm long, arranged in an open spiral on long shoots, and in dense spiral clusters of 15 – 45, together on short shoots; they vary from bright grass-green to dark green to strongly glaucous pale blue-green. The seed cones are barrel-shaped, 6 – 12 cm long and 3 – 8 cm broad, green maturing to grey-brown; they disintegrate at maturity to release the winged seeds. The seeds are 10 – 15 mm long, the seeds have two or three resin blisters, containing an unpleasant-tasting resin, thought to be a defence against squirrels. Cones take one year to mature.
Cedars as Bonsai
The varieties of Cedrus are:-
Cedrus atlantica: Atlas cedar, native to Atlas Mountains in Morocco and Algeria
Atlantic Cedar as Bonsai
Cedrus brevifolia: Cyprus cedar, native to the mountains of Cyprus
Cedrus Brevifolia as bonsai
Cedrus deodara: deodara cedar, native to the Western Himalayas
Foliage of C. deodara
Cedrus libani: – Cedar of Lebanon, native to Mediterranean region mountains in Near East and Turkey,
Cedrus lebani as bonsai
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